By Charles Burnett

This quantity, the 3rd via Charles Burnett within the Variorum sequence, brings jointly articles at the assorted numeral varieties utilized in the center a long time, and their use in mathematical and different contexts. a few items research the creation of Hindu-Arabic numerals into Western Europe, documenting, in additional element than at any place else, different varieties within which they're chanced on, ahead of they received the traditional shapes with which we're regular this day. Others take care of experiments with other kinds of numeration inside of Latin script: e.g., utilizing the 1st 9 Roman numerals as symbols with position worth, abbreviating the Roman numerals, and utilizing the Latin letters as numerals. the writer discusses how forms of numerals are used for various reasons, and the appliance of numerals to the abacus, and to calculation with pen and ink. The reports contain the serious version of a number of Latin texts.

Show description

Read Online or Download Numerals and Arithmetic in the Middle Ages (Variorum Collected Studies Series) PDF

Similar Counting Numeration books

Tutorials on Emerging Methodologies and Applications in Operations Research: Presented at INFORMS 2004, Denver, CO (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science)

This quantity displays the subject of the INFORMS 2004 assembly in Denver: again to OR Roots. rising as a quantitative method of problem-solving in international battle II, our founders have been physicists, mathematicians, and engineers who quick came upon peace-time makes use of. it's reasonable to claim that Operations examine (OR) used to be born within the related incubator as machine technology, and it has spawned many new disciplines, equivalent to platforms engineering, well-being care administration, and transportation technological know-how.

Dependability for Systems with a Partitioned State Space: Markov and Semi-Markov Theory and Computational Implementation (Lecture Notes in Statistics)

Probabilistic versions of technical platforms are studied right here whose finite country area is partitioned into or extra subsets. The structures thought of are such that every of these subsets of the country area will correspond to a undeniable functionality point of the process. The crudest technique differentiates among 'working' and 'failed' process states in basic terms.

Principles of Secure Network Systems Design

A basic and complete framework for community safeguard designed for army, govt, undefined, and educational community team of workers. medical validation of "security on call for" via computing device modeling and simulation equipment. The publication provides an instance in which the framework is applied to combine protection into the operation of a community.

Modern Applied Statistics with S (Statistics and Computing)

A advisor to utilizing S environments to accomplish statistical analyses delivering either an creation to using S and a direction in smooth statistical tools. The emphasis is on providing useful difficulties and entire analyses of genuine info units.

Extra resources for Numerals and Arithmetic in the Middle Ages (Variorum Collected Studies Series)

Show sample text content

Rated 4.31 of 5 – based on 23 votes