By Olga F. Linares

The Jola (Diola) are in depth wet-rice cultivators within the decrease Casamance zone of Senegal. during this learn, the writer examines the explanations at the back of startling contrasts within the association of agricultural initiatives between 3 Jola groups situated inside of a 45-kilometre radius from Ziguinchor. In Sambujat, located within the non-Islamisized sector south of the river, rainy rice is a monocrop cultivated by way of either women and men. In Jipalom, within the Kajamutay area north of the river, Islam and money cropping were followed; and in Fatiya, within the so-called 'Mandingized' sector of the Kalunay, social relatives became hierarchical and this has had profound results at the cropping approach and at the department of labour. the writer examines the shift of strength family through the years, and their results at the means during which creation has been geared up by means of age and gender, kinfolk and sophistication. greater matters handled are Islamization, women's labour and the advent of money cropping. A concluding part areas the historical past of Jola labour family in the context of the political economic climate of Senegal.

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