By Gunnar Karlsson

Iceland is exclusive between ecu societies in having been based as overdue because the Viking Age and in having copious written and archaeological assets approximately its foundation. Gunnar Karlsson, that country's finest historian, chronicles the age of the Sagas, consulting them to explain an period and not using a monarch or valuable authority. Equating this wealthy time with the golden age of antiquity in international historical past, Karlsson then marks a correspondence among the darkish a while of Europe and Iceland's "dreary period", which began with the lack of political independence within the overdue 13th century and culminated with an epoch of poverty and humility, specifically in the course of the early smooth Age.

Iceland's renaissance took place with the winning fight for independence within the 19th and early 20th centuries, and with the commercial and technical modernization of the 1st 1/2 the 20 th century. Karlsson describes the increase of nationalism as Iceland's quite often terrible peasants set approximately breaking with Denmark, and he indicates how Iceland within the 20th century slowly stuck up economically with its ecu neighbors.

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